Systems Applications and Products (SAP) is the world’s leading provider of business software solutions. SAP allows businesses to make rapid changes in their business requirements with a common set of programs.
SAP Functional Modules
SAP has several layers. The Basis System is the heart of the data operations and should be not evident to higher level or managerial users. Other customizing and implementation tools exist also. The heart of the system from a manager’s viewpoint are the application modules. These modules may not all be implemented in a typical company but they are all related and are listed below:
FI Financial Accounting–designed for automated management and external reporting of general ledger, accounts receivable, accounts payable and other sub-ledger accounts with a user defined chart of accounts. As entries are made relating to sales production and payments journal entries are automatically posted. This connection means that the “books” are designed to reflect the real situation.
CO Controlling–represents the company’s flow of cost and revenue. It is a management instrument for organizational decisions. It too is automatically updated as events occur.
AM Asset Management–designed to manage and supervise individual aspects of fixed assets including purchase and sale of assets, depreciation and investment management.
HR Human Resources–is a complete integrated system for supporting the planning and control of personnel activities.
MM Materials Management–supports the procurement and inventory functions occurring in day-to-day business operations such as purchasing, inventory management, reorder point processing, etc
WM Materials Management – ‘WM’ sub-module of ‘MM’ module takes care of ‘Warehouse Management ‘ functionality. Warehouses can be managed efficiently at ‘Bin location’ level using WM module.
QM Quality Management–is a quality control and information system supporting quality planning, inspection, and control for manufacturing and procurement.
PP Production Planning–is used to plan and control the manufacturing activities of a company. This module includes; bills of material, routings, work centers, sales and operations planning, master production scheduling, material requirements planning, shop floor control, production orders, product costing, etc.
SD Sales and Distribution–helps to optimize all the tasks and activities carried out in sales, delivery and billing. Key elements are; pre-sales support, inquiry processing, quotation processing, sales order processing, delivery processing, billing and sales information system.
PS Project System–is designed to support the planning, control and monitoring of long-term, highly complex projects with defined goals.
WF Workflow–links the integrated SAP application modules with cross-application technologies, tools and services
IS Industry Solutions–combine the SAP application modules and additional industry-specific functionality. Special techniques have been developed for industries such as banking, oil and gas, pharmaceuticals, etc.
PM Plant Maintenance–In a complex manufacturing process maintenance means more than sweeping the floors. Equipment must be services and rebuilt. These tasks affect the production plans.
SAP Technical Modules :
Advanced Businesses Application programming (ABAP)
ABAP stands for Advanced Business Application Programming language. It is an interpreted programming language that runs in the SAP ABAP Runtime environment. ABAP is the main language used for building solid-state business application solutions in the SAP Runtime environment.
Declaring data with various types and structure
Operational elements for data manipulation
Control elements for controlling the program flow
Event elements for reacting to external events
SAP Basis Administration :
First of all it describes the fundamentals of the administration of the SAP system and which will include install, configure, update, patch, migrate, troubleshoot on your SAP system and manage all the daily operations for that specific sap system or system landscape. Basis area emphasize the administration of RDBMS(Relational Database Management System – or simply the database sap system is using), client-server architecture and the SAP GUI. Moreover Basis defines the interface between the system components and the Basis components, which includes also the development platform for sap applications and data dictionary. System administration, user administration and monitoring tools are also features of the Basis components in the SAP system.